After an attempt of deputies to exit collided with their guns, the deputies resigned themselves to declare the arrest of 29 leading Girondins. The treacherous governor had put Robespierre and the reign of terror a flag of peace.
He was able to speak of the things about which he was truly passionate, including Virtue and Nature, typical deist beliefs, and his disagreements with atheism.
On July 27th Robespierre was accused of tyranny, barred from speaking at the National Convention, and was placed under arrest as were several key supporters.
Religious upheaval[ edit ] The Reign of Terror was characterized by a dramatic rejection of long-held religious authority, its hierarchical structure, and the corrupt and intolerant influence of the aristocracy and clergy.
The Terror was being escalated just when foreign invasion no longer threatened the republic, and an awkward coalition of the right and the left formed to oppose Robespierre and his followers. By Robespierre was already well known for his altruism. On July 27, 9 Thermidor in the Revolutionary calendarRobespierre and his allies were placed under arrest by the National Assembly.
Accordingly, on 7 MayRobespierre supported a decree passed by the Convention that established an official religion, known historically as the Cult of the Supreme Being.
Louis was dethroned by his crimes; Louis denounced the French people as rebels; he appealed to chains, to the armies of tyrants who are his brothers; the victory of the people established that Louis alone was a rebel; Louis cannot therefore be judged; he already is judged.
That is our ambition; that is our aim. Grounded in ancient history and the works of the French philosophers of the Enlightenmenthe welcomed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizenwhich formed the preamble of the French constitution of September 3,and he insisted that all laws should conform to it.
For Indisputable Wisdoms about Human Nature please visit our: Under his leadership, the committee came to exercise virtual dictatorial control over the French government. ARTICLE X No one is to be disquieted for his very basic opinions; woman has the right to mount the scaffold; she must equally have the right to mount the rostrum, provided that her demonstrations do not disturb the legally established public order.
Thousands were put to death with a quick trial or no trial at all. If they are Caesars or Cromwellsthey seize power for themselves. The period of the Thermidorian Reaction, during which the Terror was ended and France returned to a more moderate government, began with the deaths of Robespierre and his supporters.
Paris, France French political leader and lawyer Maximilien de Robespierre was the leading voice of the government that ruled France during the French Revolution. Eighty more followers of Robespierre were executed the next day.
Cartoon engraving of Maximilien de Robespierre guillotining the executioner during the Reign of Terror. On 27 JulyRobespierre was elected to the Committee, although he had not sought the position.
By the end oftwo major factions had emerged, both threatening the Revolutionary Government: Terror is nothing else than swift, severe, indomitable justice; it flows, then, from virtue. French revolutionary politicians believed a stable government was needed to quell the chaos.
In April he had presided over the Jacobinsa political club promoting the ideas of the French Revolution.
As a member of the electoral assembly of Paris, he heard about the September Massacres of imprisoned nobles and clergy by Parisian crowds. Robespierre was taken to the Luxembourg prison, but the warden refused to jail him. For More Information Hardman, John.
Since property is an inviolable and sacred right, no one shall be deprived thereof except where public necessity, legally determined, shall clearly demand it, and then only on condition that the owner shall have been previously and equitably indemnified. Louis must die so that the nation may live.
From his partial retirement Robespierre followed the unleashing of the Great Terror in the summer of and the progress of opposition. Today the machine invented for the purpose of decapitating criminals sentenced to death will be put to work for the first time.
He exonerated the mob, and on September 5 the people of Paris elected him to head the delegation to the National Convention. Counterrevolutionaries and the rich condemned his egalitarian ideas, while popular militants accused him of lacking boldness.
But Robespierre refused to lead an insurrection, and eventually his loyal contingents began to disperse. Among those charged by the tribunal, about a half were acquitted though the number dropped to about a quarter after the enactment of the Law of 22 Prairial.
On July 27th he was elected a member of the chief executive body, the Committee of Public Safety. To good citizens revolutionary government owes the full protection of the state; to the enemies of the people it owes only death.
Henceforth, he spoke only at the Jacobin Club, where he was to be heard about times, until August Is it not He who, from the beginning of time, decreed for all the ages and for all peoples liberty, good faith, and justice?
Robespierre responded, "We should not compromise the interests humanity holds most dear, the sacred rights of a significant number of our fellow citizens," later shouting, "Death to the colonies!
The National Convention was bitterly split between the Montagnards and the Girondins. If a queen could change places with a milkmaid, why should not a milkmaid be able to change places with a queen? Although he had excluded himself and his colleagues from the new Legislative AssemblyRobespierre continued to be politically active, giving up the lucrative post of public prosecutor of Paris, to which he had been elected in June For some historians and biographers, Maximilien Robespierre (–94) was a great revolutionary martyr who succeeded in leading the French Republic to safety in the face of overwhelming military odds.
Eventuall Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety went too far. After executing numerous Catholic peasants in La Vendeé, some people in the National Convention had enough. An historical biography of Maximilien Robespierre.
The Committee of Public Safety and the Reign of Terror. Your purchase of books or other items through links on this site helps keep this free educational site on the web.
Robespierre instituted a reign of terror during the French Revolution in an effort to keep the revolution pure and to shut down all opposition to his will. Maximilien de Robespierre was an official during the French Revolution and one of the principal architects of the Reign of Terror.
Maximilien de Robespierre was born Born: May 06,Download