It is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents. The number of uses is legion.
It exhibited low swelling power and solubility. The sap obtained from tapping the inflorescence, or flower stalk, is drunk unfermented or fermented toddy and is a source of sugar, alcohol, and vinegar.
Ecology Nipa palm is a tropical plant. Cut the flower stalk and collect the sweet juice. Study evaluated the anti-hyperglycemic and antinociceptive potential of methanolic extract of leaf and stem. The raffia palm occurs in nearly pure stands between marsh and dicotyledonous swamp forests along the Caribbean and Pacific coasts of Costa Ricaand Mauritia flexuosa is found in vast stands in inland parts of the Amazon basin.
Leaf bases are below ground, although they are sometimes exposed by erosion. Economic importance The palms with the greatest importance in world commerce are the coconut and the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis ; both are prime sources of vegetable oil and fat.
The Nypa palm would make a dramatic feature in ornamental lakes in tropical areas. Results showed the highest yield of bio-ethanol 8.
Sterile stamens may differ only slightly from fertile stamens, or they may consist of a filament alone without an anther, or be united in a cup about the base of the female structure or in a tube joined to the petals, or be reduced to minute flaps of tissue.
The African elephant feeds on fruits and is important in dispersing Phoenix reclinata, Borassus aethiopumand species of Hyphaene. It is rarely seen directly on the seashore.
Nodes are marked by often prominent and ringlike leaf scars. Frequently, more than one infructescence develops simultaneously per plant. Mesocarp processing produced flour with low fat content 1.
Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of midveins, leaves, and husks showed good antimicrobial activity against all the test organisms. The palms of Madagascar are not yet well known, but species belonging to 21 genera are recorded and at least 14 of the genera are found only on the island.
Certain neotropical palms, which are reported to have several times the potential yield of the traditional oil seeds such as peanuts and soybeans, are a good example.
On riverine flats and coastal plains of Africa, Hyphaene compressa and Borassus aethiopum occur, often in great abundance. In Southeast Asia the production of rattan from species of Calamus C.
Syrphus flies apparently pollinate Asterogyne martiana in Costa Rica, and drosophila flies are thought to pollinate the nipa palm in New Guinea.
Pollination is effected by flies. Within rainforests and along their borders, whole communities have depended on palms for their livelihood. Several other genera, Licuala, Pinanga, Chamaedorea, and Daemonorops, have more than species each.
The lowland rainforests of New Guinea and the Sunda Islands and the rainforests of Central and South America are richest in palm species. Evolution The earliest fossils of palms are leaves of Sabal magothiensis and stems of Palmoxylon cliffwoodensis from the Late Cretaceous, about 80 million years ago.
Thus, it is an unusual tree, and the leaves can extend up to 9 m 30 ft in height. The leaves are also used in many types of basketry and thatching. The ripe nuts separate from the ball and are floated away on the tide, occasionally germinating while still water-borne. It is noteworthy that palms are not the dominant elements in these forests.
Apart from commercial or local uses, palms are extensively planted for ornament in warm regions or indoors when a tropical effect is desired.
Botanicallythe coconut fruit is a drupenot a true nut. It exhibited low swelling power and solubility. The two newly formed branches may continue equally, or one may be overtopped by the other Nannorrhops. An April-May survey done in the Philippines to study the biology of nipa with emphasis on potential for alcohol production showed the estimates of sap yield to be much lower than the ones reported in literature.
The matured leaf showed the highest total phenolic content Palms of Thailand Culture Nypa may seem to be a particularly difficult palm to accommodate in the average palm collection, but our experiences with it indicate that this is not necessarily so. With its incredibly high sugar-rich sap yield, researchers estimated 15, to 20, liters of biofuel yield per hectare compared with sugar cane at liters, and corn at 2, literon a continuing basis, year-round, for up to 50 years.Nipa palm is one of the oldest angiosperm plants and probably the oldest palm species.
Eocene and Miocene fossils in Europe, North America and the Middle East and the Paleocene strata in Brazil suggest that nipa palm had a pantropical distribution million years ago. Nypa fruticans, commonly known as the nipa palm (or simply nipa) or mangrove palm, is a species of palm native to the coastlines and estuarine habitats of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
It is the only palm considered adapted to the mangrove biome. Nypa fruticans, the Nipa palm, has a horizontal trunk that grows beneath the ground and only the leaves and flower stalk grow upwards above the surface.
Thus, it is an unusual tree, and the leaves can extend up to 9 m (30 ft) in height. The Nipa Palm is one of the most important economic Philippine crops.
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This investigatory project was conducted to prove if nipa palm fruit husk, distilled water, Ferrous Sulfate and gum Arabic can produce an ink that can be substituted to commercial ink. In conducting the experiment, the researchers gathered nipa fruits, these were cut into small portions and weighed.
Nipa, nipa palm, Nypa fruticans, shui ye: Philippine Herbal Medicine: An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and research studies.Download